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How we perceive the world, how we change it or how we think we can change it, how we live, and even how we die, are all impacted by the people around us, and how we relate with them. Not only are we all citizens of the same planet, but we are part of an ever growing community. For these reasons, we have dedicated the Winter issue to exploring the nature of human relationships of all kinds — from parents and their children, to casual friendships, romantic relationships, professional relationships, to the ones that require safe words.
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This society would also organize departments for production. Of course, the existence of a society has its own risks:. And there will be a constant danger that some of the early promoters may feel and attempt to realise a sort of proprietorship in the organisation, to make a group or a gang of it. But to recognise that danger is half-way to averting it.
The language of the World Encyclopedia would be English because of its greater range, precision, and subtlety. Intellectual workers across the world would be increasingly bound together through their participation. Wells wishes that wise world citizens would ensure world peace. He suggests that a world intellectual project will have more positive impact to this end than will any political movement such as communism, fascism, imperialism, pacifism, etc.
He was a communalist and contextualist and ended his lecture as follows:.
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This lecture promotes the doctrine New Encyclopedism described previously. Wells begins with the observation that the world has become a single interconnected community due to the enormously increased speed of telecommunications. Secondly, he says that energy is available on a new scale, enabling, among other things, the capability for mass destruction. Consequently, the establishment of a new world order is imperative:. One needs an exceptional stupidity even to question the urgency we are under to establish some effective World Pax, before gathering disaster overwhelms us.
The problem of reshaping human affairs on a world-scale, this World problem, is drawing together an ever-increasing multitude of minds. Neither Christianity nor socialism can solve the World Problem.
Worldwide brain-mapping project sparks excitement — and concern
The solution is a modernized "World Knowledge Apparatus"—the World Encyclopedia—"a sort of mental clearing house for the mind, a depot where knowledge and ideas are received, sorted, summarized, digested, clarified and compared". In this lecture Wells develops the analogy of the encyclopedia to a brain, saying, "it would be a clearing house for universities and research institutions; it would play the role of a cerebral cortex to these essential ganglia".
He mentions the International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation , an advisory branch of the League of Nations , and the World Congress of Universal Documentation as contemporary forerunners of the world brain. In this essay, Wells explains how current encyclopaedias have failed to adapt to both the growing increase in recorded knowledge and the expansion of people requiring information that was accurate and readily accessible.
He asserts that these 19th-century encyclopaedias continue to follow the 18th-century pattern, organisation and scale. Wells saw the potential for world-altering impacts this technology could bring. He felt that the creation of the encyclopaedia could bring about the peaceful days of the past, "with a common understanding and the conception of a common purpose, and of a commonwealth such as now we hardly dream of". Wells anticipated the effect and contribution that his World Brain would have on the university system as well.
Elsewhere Wells wrote: "It would become the logical nucleus of the world's research universities and post-graduate studies. This section provides a brief excerpt of Wells's speech at the World Congress of Universal Documentation , 20 August He tells the participants directly that they are participating in the creation of a world brain. He says:. I am speaking of a process of mental organisation throughout the world which I believe to be as inevitable as anything can be in human affairs.
The world has to pull its mind together, and this is the beginning of its effort. The world is a Phoenix. It perishes in flames and even as it dies it is born again. This synthesis of knowledge is the necessary beginning to the new world. Wells expresses his dismay at the general state of public ignorance, even among the educated, and suggest that the Educational Science Section focus on the bigger picture:. For this year I suggest we give the questions of drill, skills, art, music, the teaching of languages, mathematics and other symbols, physical, aesthetic, moral and religious training and development, a rest, and that we concentrate on the inquiry: What are we telling young people directly about the world in which they are to live?
He asks how the "irreducible minimum of knowledge" can be imparted to all people within ten years of education—realistically, he says, amounting to hours of classroom instruction. He suggests minimizing the teaching of names and dates in British history and focusing instead on newly available information about prehistory , early civilisation without the traditionally heavy emphasis on Palestine and the Israelites , and the broad contours of world history. He suggests better education in geography , with an inventory of the world's natural resources , and a better curriculum in money and economics.
He calls for a "modernised type of teacher", better paid, with better equipment, and continually updated training.
One of the stated goals of this Congress, held in Paris, France, in , was to discuss ideas and methods for implementing Wells's ideas of the World Brain. Wells himself gave a lecture at the Congress. In his book Profiles of the Future , Arthur C. Clarke predicted that the construction of what H. Wells called the World Brain would take place in two stages.
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He identified the first stage as the construction of the World Library , which is basically Wells's concept of a universal encyclopaedia accessible to everyone from their home on computer terminals. He predicted this phase would be established at least in the developed countries by the year The second stage, the World Brain , would be a superintelligent artificially intelligent supercomputer that humans would be able to mutually interact with to solve various world problems.
The "World Library" would be incorporated into the "World Brain" as a subsection of it. He suggested that this supercomputer should be installed in the former war rooms of the United States and the Soviet Union once the superpowers had matured enough to agree to co-operate rather than conflict with each other.
bbmpay.veritrans.co.id/lametlla-de-mar-como-conocer-gente-nueva.php Clarke predicted the construction of the "World Brain" would be completed by the year In , Eugene Garfield published an article in the journal Science introducing the Science Citation Index ; the article's first sentence invoked Wells's "magnificent, if premature, plea for the establishment of a world information center", and Garfield predicted that the Science Citation Index "is a harbinger of things to come—a forerunner of the World Brain".
Brian R. Gaines in his paper "Convergence to the Information Highway" saw the World Wide Web as an extension of Wells's "World Brain" that individuals can access using personal computers. In , Doug Schuler, a professor at Evergreen State University , proposed a worldwide civic intelligence network as the fulfillment of Wells's world brain. There are a few similarities that link Wells' World Brain as a precursor to Wikipedia.
Two to mention are the noncommercial aspect of both Wikipedia and the World Brain, as well as its international aspect. Wells did not want the Brain to be commercially funded, just as Jimmy Wales has decided not to have advertisements on Wikipedia, ensuring both were free from commercial bias.
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In addition, Wells envisioned microfilm as a universal format for which people could share information through the World Brain. His intention of using microfilm as the form for the World Brain mimics the use of the internet because he contended that the use of microfilm would abolish the distance between information and knowledge.
A number of commentators have suggested that Wikipedia represents the World Brain as described by Wells. In keeping with the universal vision, and anticipating a key Wikipedia norm, H. Wells was concerned that his World Brain be an "encyclopedia appealing to all mankind," and therefore it must remain open to corrective criticism, be skeptical of myths no matter how "venerated" and guard against "narrowing propaganda.
See also: Logic machines in fiction and List of fictional computers. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.